Select Militia (National Guard) Birthday
The National Guard of the United States observes its birthday on December 13 each year. (All members of the National Guard of the United States are also members of the militia of the United States as defined by 10 U.S.C. § 311 and specifically of the legally separate National Guard of [the state or territory].) This is the anniversary of the putative adoption of a resolution in 1636 by the Massacusetts Bay Colony forming three militia regiments to fight in the Pequot War. These units were the origins of the famous Minute Men. In 1933, with passage of the National Guard Mobilization Act, Congress mandated that all federally funded soldiers take a dual enlistment/commission and thus enter both the National Guard of [the state or territory] and the National Guard of the United States. The National Defense Act of 1947 created the Air Force as a separate branch of the Armed Forces and concurrently created the Air National Guard of the United States as one of its reserve components, mirroring the Army's structure.